Rajah Sulayman (1558-1575) Regarded as a brave and great ruler of Manila. He led a native revolt against the Spanish in 1574 when the new Governor-General did not honor the treaty with the prior Rajah. The defiance of Rajah Sulayman came to be known as the “Sulayman Revolt” also known as The “First Battle of Manila Bay”.
Lapulapu was a Datu of Mactan, an island in the Visayas. He was the first native of the archipelago to fight against Spanish colonization. On April 27, 1521, Lapu-Lapu and his men triumphed over the Spanish invaders led by Ferdinand Magellan that is known as the Battle of Mactan.[video width="640" height="360" m4v="http://www.bayaniart.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Labanan-ng-Maktan_Bayaniart.m4v"][/video]
Art by Tata Ponsi
Baybayin script by Kristian Kabuay
Gabriela Silang (March 19, 1731 – September 20, 1763) earned the title “Henerala” as the first Filipina woman to lead a revolt during the Spanish colonization of the Philippines. Her courageous leadership became a symbol for the importance of women in Filipino society, and their struggle for liberation during colonization.
Learn more about Gabriela Silang
Art by Trinidad Escobar, artist and poet
Bayani Art team produced this art project titled KASAYSAYAN. translated to “History.” in collaboration with Kristian Kabuay of Baybayin.com. Through this piece, Bayani Art wanted to emphasize the struggles, contributions and triumphs of the FilAm community. In the center of the mural is Gabriela Silang, Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, LapuLapu and Sultan Kudarat. These courageous leaders played a key part of the Philippines history. We centered these heroes to not only recognize Filipino American history, but to also acknowledge our roots.
On the bottom left side of the mural stands the Filipino veterans fighting alongside the Americans during World War II. Right above that we can see the Manongs, students, community organizers, and activists who came together in solidarity to fight against the demolishment of the International Hotel in the 1960’s. The faces on top of the I-Hotel are the students who played a crucial part in this movement. On the left side of Jose Rizal stands LapuLapu, the man who led the Filipinos victorious in the 1521 Victory at Mactan.
Larry Itliong is displayed on the top right side of the mural, alongside Philip Vera Cruz and other Filipino and Mexican farmworkers. Bayani Art wants to acknowledge the contributions that Filipinos made during the farmworkers movement as it is often a forgotten and untold story. On the left of the farmworkers stands a Filipino boxer – which represents that attributions Filipinos have made in American sports. Located on the right of Andres Bonifacio is Sultan Kudarat, a man who successfully defended Mindanao during Spanish Colonization. Lastly, the Katipunan is also displayed in the lower half of the red section through the Cry of Caloocan and Katipunan blood pact.
We wanted this art mural to showcase that resiliency and kapwa lies in the blood of Filipinos. We hope that this piece encourages the people to not only learn about their history, but to also fight against injustices happening today. Mabuhay.
Art by Teogenes “Ponsi” Alfonso, Robin Aquilizan, Kristian Kabuay, Aaron Jurell Sarmiento and Joseph Aquilizan
Art print from the book Lapu Lapu. It’s a children’s book that takes place in the pre colonial Philippines. The story follows the hero, Datu Lapu Lapu and his journey becoming a warrior to protect his tribe from outside invaders.
Vintage poster on display in the exhibit “We Are America: Resistance and Resilience” premiered at Oakland Asian Cultural Center in 2012. Signs like this were seen throughout the west coast during the Great Depression when Filipinos were scapegoated for the economic downturn in the U.S. Called monkeys, racial hatred towards U.S. Nationals continued oppressive sentiments during Philippine colonial times. Like the Chinese in 1887, Filipinos were excluded through the Tydings Mc Duffie Act of 1934. Know History, Know Self.
Positively No Filipinos Allowed, Stockton, CA circa 1929, photo credit Look Magazine
Procedes from the sales of the Positively No Filipinos Allowed posters will go towards the Pilipino Youth Coalition.