The International Hotel was a low-income residential hotel that became the most dramatic housing-rights battleground in San Francisco history. As a center for Filipino and Asian American activism in the 1970s, the building housed nearly 150 Filipino and Chinese seniors, three community groups, an art workshop, a radical bookstore and three Asian newspapers. The I-Hotel stood on the last remaining block of Manilatown, a once-thriving Filipino neighborhood that was gradually displaced by San Francisco’s expanding financial district.
The Fall and Rise
From 1968 to 1977, landlords of the hotel tried to evict the residents and build a parking lot. Resisting eviction for almost a decade, the tenants organized a mass-based, multiracial alliance which included students, unions and churches. During the final 3am eviction on August 4, 1977, over 3,000 people unsuccessfully defended the I-Hotel from hundreds of club-wielding riot police. The building was demolished in 1979, and it remained a vacant hole for over two decades. Thanks to a concerted effort by local neighborhood groups, the I-Hotel was rebuilt in 2005, providing 104 units of low-income senior housing and the International Hotel Manilatown Center to continue the legacy of Manilatown.
Proceeds from the sales of The I Hotel will go towards the Manilatown Heritage Foundation.www.manilatown.org
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Bayani Art X Manilatown Heritage Foundation
Art by Tata Ponsi
Lapulapu was a Datu of Mactan, an island in the Visayas. He was the first native of the archipelago to fight against Spanish colonization. On April 27, 1521, Lapu-Lapu and his men triumphed over the Spanish invaders led by Ferdinand Magellan that is known as the Battle of Mactan.
Bayani Art X Jacob Ira
Baybayin script by Jacob Ira
Katipunan, officially known as the Kataastaasan Kagalanggalang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan or the KKK, was an organization founded on 7 July 1892 by Andres Bonifacio, Ladislao Diwa, Teodoro Plata and a few others, with the vision of completely separating the Philippines from Spain after declaring the country’s independence.
Art by Tata Ponsi
Rajah Sulayman (1558-1575) Regarded as a brave and great ruler of Manila. He led a native revolt against the Spanish in 1574 when the new Governor-General did not honor the treaty with the prior Rajah. The defiance of Rajah Sulayman came to be known as the “Sulayman Revolt” also known as The “First Battle of Manila Bay”.[video width="640" height="360" m4v="http://www.bayaniart.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/DEFY_BayaniArt-iphone.m4v"][/video]
Art by Tata Ponsi
The day after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Filipinos in the United States, those we now respectfully call the “Manongs,” began a drive to form an all-Filipino military unit. Quickly trained, Filipino immigrants turned-soldiers would be sent to help push the Japanese out of the Philippines. They would fight bravely for the liberation of their homeland.
Inspired by the Filipino soldiers of the 1st Filipino Regiment Infantry and the 2nd Filipino Battalion. The front logo Laging Una or “Always First” was the motto of the 1st Filipino Regiment Infantry. The cross kris blade and Igorot war shield represents the two warrior tribes of the islands. The volcano represents the area in which the units were located. The three stars are taken from the Philippines Coat of Arms which represents the principle islands – Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The design on the back was inspired by the Filipino soldiers holding their choice of weapon, the Bolo.
Procedes from the sales of the Laging Una shirts will go towards the Congressional Gold Medal for Filipino WWII Vets. www.vetsequitycenter.org[video width="640" height="360" m4v="http://www.bayaniart.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/LAGING_UNA_video30s_iphone.m4v"][/video]
Bayani Art X Itak
A small room lit only by a table lamp and a skull. A Katipunero must sign a solemn compact with blood drawn from their forearm to symbolized the birth of the Katipunan the sandugo was not just a blood pact but a pledge to love each compatriot as brothers and sisters as our ancestor did when they united the archipelago—Kapatiran (Brotherhood).
Learn more about Andres Bonifacio
Bayani Art X Catfish Don
Art by Catfish Don
Taming shield is a large, round wooden Moro shield. The front is decorated with rings of black and of elaborate carving while the back has a hand hold through which the left arm is slipped so that the hand grasps the top of the second opening. This shield is used in warfare to deflect spears and arrows. This style of shield is also commonly used by the neighboring Moro groups, and may have been borrow from them. When not in use, the shield is slipped over the shoulder using a rattan band attached to the back. Certain charmed roots and plants are often attached to the shields, in the belief that they will ward off danger.
Art by Wylz Gutierrez